The birth weight of the foetuses is definition of papilloma affected by the age of the mother. However, the length of hospital stays for parturients was not significantly different between the 2 age groups: 6.
Discussions Our hospital is a university tertiary unit, the reference centre for the northeastern region of Romania, a region with a low socioeconomic level and with a sarcoma cancer color overall birth rate, with 48, births between andrepresenting 2.
For this reason, this region may be considered an interesting source of information regarding adolescent obstetrical outcomes that could be generalised at a national level. We definition of papilloma teenage pregnancy to be pregnancy that ended before the patient's 20th birthday [ 1 ]. We considered 20—year-old parturients as the control group, which is reported also in definition definition of papilloma papilloma articles: WHO [ 1 ], Nove et al.
This choice is justified by the favourable birth outcome for this age group. Pregnancy comorbidities, chronic and gestational hypertension, and preeclampsia and eclampsia, occurred similarly across age groups. These definition of papilloma support the findings of Torvie et al. The rate of foetal anomalies definition of papilloma found in teenage mothers coincided with that reported by Torvie et al. With regard to definition of papilloma characteristics, teenage mothers in our study were less likely to have pregestational and gestational diabetes, a fact also reported by others [ 7 — 91315 ].
Teenage mothers were also less predisposed to obesity, which supports the findings of Leppälahti et al. Our definition of papilloma, in agreement with studies in the literature [ definition of papilloma ], showed a significantly higher incidence of anaemia in the teenage group. Alouini et al.
Our data show also that lower urinary tract infections occur more frequently in teenage pregnancies compared with young adult pregnancies. Few studies in the literature have analysed the association between teen pregnancy and genital infections.
Hidalgo et al. In our study, with the exception of genital warts and trichomoniasis, we could not find an association between teen pregnancy and bacterial vaginosis, Candida, or syphilis.
We also found a lower incidence of spontaneous rupture of membranes as reported by Gupta et al. In turn, Shah et al. Infections with hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses were higher in the control group, as reported by Kurth et al.
Our results are in accordance with almost all studies that found higher risks of preterm birth [ 681619 ], low birth weight [ 8151920 ], and foetal growth restriction [ 781519 ]. Shrim et al.
Teste de autoevaluare Celule scuamoase atipice cu semnificaţie nedeterminată ASC-US În majoritatea cazurilor, un citotehnolog sau patolog cu experiență poate distinge, cu un grad înalt de certitudine, celulele epiteliale benigne de celulele neoplazice.
However, in our study, greater prematurity correlated definition of papilloma a lower parturient age. The same consideration is applicable to the birth weight of foetuses.
These results regarding caesarean delivery support the results of other published findings [ 7 — 101415172021 ]; meanwhile Gortzak-Uzan et al. A lower risk for instrumental delivery has definition of papilloma cited by many authors [ 7101315 ], but Sagili et al. Sagili et al. We did not find a higher risk in our study for either cervical or perineal lacerations or for perineal rupture of definition of papilloma and 4th degrees, but episiotomies were more common in the teenage group.
Torvie et al. In our database search, we found a significantly lower Apgar score at 1 minute and 5 minutes among teenage mothers, a fact confirmed in other studies also [ 81519 ].
The Novelty of the Study Even if Romania holds second place in WHO statistics regarding teenage pregnancy, this study is the second definition of papilloma published in the English literature about medical aspects related to teenage pregnancy and delivery outcomes in Definition of papilloma. It focused particularly on social factors in teenage births.
Celule scuamoase atipice cu semnificaţie nedeterminată (ASC-US)
Concerning the pregnancy and delivery outcomes, the results were similar: teenager mothers were more likely than adult mothers to give birth by vaginal delivery, and the rate of operative delivery was lower among this group. The newborns of teenage mothers were more likely to have low birth weight, and the length of hospital definition of papilloma was similar to that of adult mothers' newborns.
Another strength of the present study is the definition of papilloma analysis of the genital infections associated with pregnancy. One of the mechanisms for preterm birth is the high frequency of genital infections enhancing local prostaglandin levels: few studies have examined the infections associated with pregnancy [ 1524 ].
In our hospital, performing a cervical culture is mandatory for all pregnant women definition of papilloma admission, and lochio culture is performed in the first 48 hours after birth. But because the goal is the prevention of nosocomial infections and not the preterm birth, screening for chlamydia was not carried out.
In our study, we could not find a correlation between teenage pregnancy and genital infections, except for anogenital warts and trichomoniasis. No correlation could be established for syphilis or other vaginal infections with Gardnerella, Candida, E.
Belara și impactul pozitiv asupra libidoului în timpul utilizării pe termen lung până la 42 de cicluri Zahradnikextension of Zahradnik HP, Impact pozitiv asupra stării de dispoziţie şi impact minim asupra libidoului Hiperandrogenismul produce schimbări în ceea ce priveşte calitatea vieţii femeilor. SOP poate provoca stres psihosocial din cauza aspectelor clinice diverse ce îl caracterizează, ce au o influenţă negativă asupra identităţii femeilor, determinând sindroame psihiatrice de tipul depresiei, fobiei sociale sau tulburărilor alimentare, producând schimbări, în consecinţă, legate de calitatea vieţii. Un studiu 11 ce a evaluat calitatea vieţii sexuale la femeile cu hiperandrogenism tratate cu contraceptive orale conţinând cloramdinonă acetat a arătat că EECMA au redus semnificativ hirsutismul pe o perioadă de tratament de definition of papilloma 9 cicluri. Tratamentul a fost eficace în creşterea încrederii personale a femeilor în timpul utilizării pilulei, acţionând pozitiv asupra funcţionării fizice corespunzătoare, stării generale de sănătate, vitalităţii şi funcţiei sociale.
Premature rupture of membranes occurred more frequently in adults than in definition of papilloma, and, for chorioamnionitis, we could not establish a correlation with patient age. The other mechanisms described by Shrim et al. Unfortunately, we could not analyse the gynaecologic age of our patients defined as the distance between menarche and first pregnancy.
This research has some limitations. Secondly, it is a retrospective study and for this reason we could not evaluate the socioeconomic and psychological data of teenage pregnancies. Another limitation of the study is that testing for genital infection by chlamydia, definition of papilloma a potential risk factor of preterm birth, was not performed.
Most of the patients were from rural areas. Some of these variables were difficult to register, due to the ethical guidelines regarding minor patients and informed consent signed by caregivers. Conclusions Our study confirms prior findings that infants born by teens are at higher risk of preterm delivery, low birth weight, FGR foetal growth restrictionand foetal distress.
Posted on noiembrie 29, 4 comentarii Apuneam aici despre articolul pe care l-am gasit gata tradus in legatura cu ceea ce sustine virusologul Stefan Lanka definition of papilloma subliniam urmatoarele: Cel mai interesat aspect la Lanka il constituie indemnul adresat oamenilor obisnuiti sa nu-l creada nici pe el, nici pe ceilalti cercetatori si sa caute raspunsuri singuri. Implicatiile faptului ca nu exista dovezi directe ale existentei anumitor virusi sunt enorme. Am descoperit un articol interesant definition of papilloma citita pagina site-ului integral!
definition of papilloma However, despite the findings of other studies, we found a high incidence of postpartum haemorrhage and of manual or instrumental uterine revision in the teenage group compared with the young adult group. This information concerning risk factors associated with teenage pregnancy and delivery should be made available to medical practitioners so that they can advise adolescent pregnant women and their families. Competing Interests The authors declare that there are no competing interests regarding the publication of this paper.
Authors' Contributions All authors contributed equally to this article.