The birth weight of the foetuses is also affected by the age of the mother.
Colposcopic assessment and management of the HPV infection in pregnancy
However, the length of hpv virus after pregnancy stays for parturients was not significantly different between the 2 age groups: 6. Discussions Our hospital is a university tertiary unit, the reference centre for the northeastern region of Romania, a region with a low socioeconomic level and with a high overall birth rate, with 48, births between andrepresenting 2. For this reason, this region may be considered an interesting source of information hpv virus after pregnancy adolescent obstetrical outcomes that could be generalised at a national level.
We considered teenage pregnancy to be pregnancy that ended before the patient's 20th birthday hpv virus after pregnancy 1 ]. We considered 20—year-old parturients as the control group, which is reported also in these articles: WHO [ 1 ], Nove et al.
Evaluarea colposcopică şi managementul infecţiei cu HPV în sarcină
This choice is justified by the favourable birth outcome for this age group. Pregnancy comorbidities, chronic and gestational hypertension, and preeclampsia and eclampsia, occurred similarly across age groups. These results support the findings of Torvie hpv virus after pregnancy al.
Hpv hpv virus after pregnancy after pregnancy rate of foetal anomalies we found in teenage mothers coincided with that reported by Torvie et al. With regard to prenatal characteristics, teenage mothers in our study were less likely to have pregestational and gestational diabetes, a fact also reported by others [ 7 — 91315 ].
Teenage mothers were also less predisposed to obesity, which supports the findings of Leppälahti et al. Our hpv virus after pregnancy, in agreement with studies in the literature [ 8101314 ], showed a significantly higher incidence of anaemia in the teenage group.
- Elvira Brătilă, Sabina Berceanu, Conf.
- Papillomatosis yeast
Для него город был более необычен, чем Лис для Элвина, и Хилвар был подавлен и ошеломлен его бесконечной сложностью и мириадами незнакомцев, которые, казалось, заполняли каждый клочок окружающего пространства.
- Evaluarea colposcopică şi managementul infecţiei cu HPV în sarcină
Alouini et al. Our data show also that lower urinary tract infections occur more frequently in teenage pregnancies compared with young adult pregnancies.
Few studies in the literature have analysed the association between teen pregnancy and genital infections. Hidalgo et al. In our study, with the exception of genital warts and trichomoniasis, we could not find an association between teen pregnancy and bacterial vaginosis, Candida, or syphilis.
We also found a lower incidence of spontaneous rupture of membranes as reported by Gupta et al. In turn, Shah et al.
Human Papilloma Virus – neonatal involvement
Infections with hepatitis B and hepatitis C viruses were higher in the control group, as reported by Kurth et al. Our results are in accordance with almost all studies that found higher risks of preterm birth [ 681619 ], low birth weight [ 8151920 ], and foetal growth restriction [ 781519 ]. Shrim et al. However, in our study, greater prematurity correlated with a lower parturient age.
Virusul Papiloma Uman − implicaţii neonatale
The same consideration is applicable to the birth weight of foetuses. These results regarding hpv virus after pregnancy delivery support the results of other published findings [ 7 — 10141517hpv virus after pregnancy21 ]; meanwhile Gortzak-Uzan et al. A lower risk for instrumental delivery has been cited by many authors [ 7101315 ], but Sagili et al.
Sagili et al. We did not find a higher risk in our study for either cervical or perineal lacerations or for perineal rupture of 3rd and 4th degrees, but episiotomies were more common in the teenage group.
Human Papilloma Virus is known to be the most frequent cause of genital infections at sexually active women. The virus is transmitted mainly sexually but epidemiological and clinical data suggest sufficient evidence also for other routes of transmission. Newborns can acquire the infection intrauterinely and perinatally or by horizontal ways of transmission.
Torvie et al. In our database search, we found a significantly lower Apgar score at 1 minute and 5 minutes among teenage mothers, a fact confirmed in other studies also [ 81519 ]. The Novelty of the Study Even if Romania holds second place in WHO statistics hpv virus after pregnancy teenage pregnancy, this study is the second study published in the English literature about medical aspects related to teenage pregnancy and delivery outcomes in Romania.
It focused particularly on social factors in teenage births. Concerning the pregnancy and delivery outcomes, the results were similar: teenager mothers were hpv virus after pregnancy hpv herpes hiv than adult mothers to give birth by vaginal delivery, and the rate of operative delivery was lower among this group.
The newborns of teenage mothers were more likely to have low birth weight, and the length of hospital stay was similar to that of adult mothers' newborns. Another strength of the present study is the detailed analysis of the genital infections associated with pregnancy.
One of the mechanisms for preterm birth is the high frequency of genital infections enhancing local prostaglandin levels: few studies have examined the infections associated with pregnancy [ 1524 ].